Durian is called the “king of fruits” in Southeast Asian nations, it is native to Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei, or possibly the Philippines, but debates still continue to that point. It is a large fruit, up to 1 foot long and 6 inches wide, with a hard, spiky exterior and a range of yellow to red flesh.
The reason this fruit is often considered controversial is that the smell has a divisive effect on people. Your natural olfactory sense will either find it pleasant or absolutely revolting and nauseating. This has led durian to be banned on public transportation in certain Asian nations, and the avid fans of the health benefits of durian are balanced by those who are repulsed by the sight and smell of this powerful fruit.
Most of the health benefits come from durian’s impressive vitamin and mineral content. It contains vitamin C, folic acid, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B6, and vitamin A. Important minerals such as potassium, iron, calcium, magnesium, sodium, zinc, phosphorus are found in durian. It also contains nutrients such as phytonutrients, water, protein, and beneficial dietary fats.
In its natural environment in a rainforest, the common durian tree has a tall, broadly conical frame tapering to an apex. It is an
evergreen tropical tree with a straight trunk and buttressed base. A matured tree trunk can be 50-120 cm in diameter.
A durian tree usually grow to a height of 30-40 m with some
exceptional trees reaching a majestic height of 60 m. However,
durian trees seldom exceed 12m when grown as grafted clones in
durian orchards. It has a very long life of 80-150 years or more.
Period of Durian Tree to Bear Fruit
Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruiting periods per year, although the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and localities. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination. Lastly，a typical durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years.